Photo courtesy Osamu Abe
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Tianjin (Tienstin)
subway, tram

Subway

Three hours from Beijing,
Tianjin is known as Beijing's port.  Construction of the all-underground 8 station, 7.4 km Line 1 began in 1970 and was completed in 1984.   Construction was delayed in 1976 when an earthquake hit the city.  The line runs between 2 and three meters from the street surface, using in part an old canal bed.  It was built, in part, by volunteers and is the world's shallowest metro..




Line 1 was expanded to 26 km in 2005, with 14 stations. One station and 1.5 km of the line is above ground. Seven lines in all are planned, with a total of 227 km.

Line 3
was completed in October 2012. It is completely underground except for a 6.9 km flyover.

Line 2, under construction for many years, will connect the airport with the main railway station, with 18 of the 19 stations underground. It's opening date is unknown, and according to
this web site, the five year delay in construction may involved criminal activity. The usual suspects have been rounded up.

According to a 2012 RailJournal article, Tianjin will start work on Line 5, a Yuan 25.8bn, 33.6km line with 28 stations which will take four years to build. The 56.1km Line 6, a Yuan 39.8bn project, has also been approved.

In June 2005, Tianjin's new subway, the Binhai Light Railway, also known as the Jinbin light rail, or as Line 9, opened for service.  The 45 km 19 station surface metro is under expansion which includes a 6,67 km underground section. It is currently the longest rapid transit line in China, and the fastest, traveling across 4 massive bridges to the sea at 100 kph.



In 2015, a huge blast from 700 tons of stored cyanide damaged Line 9, blocking tracks with debris, closing down the line's dispatch center and collapsing stations.


2007 saw the opening of Tianjin's new  7.86 km modern tramway, what would be called light rail in the west. It uses the
Translohr system that makes it similar to a guided busway, except it's more expensive and less reliable. The system is famous for its derailment problems, which might be why we can find no information on expansion projects for the tram. It is also run by Binhai Rapid Transit,

Project plan details
Light Rail Binhai Mass Transit Site
Official Home Page
Brief
Youtube ride