Rotterdam's first metro line, which was also the first metro in the Netherlands, opened in 1968. Today there are five lines, including two "Sneltrams", or light rail lines. These Sneltrams are able to switch between third rail power and overhead catenary power. The system covers 55.3 km and 48 stations.
Lines C, D and E are considered full metro lines. Line E connects Rotterdam with it's neighboring community of The Hague. A mostly undergound extension connecting it with Line D opened in August 2010.
In January 2013, approval to convert a 24 km national railway line from Schiedam to Hoek van Holland received approval. a 1.2 km extension will add 25.2 km to the Rotterdam metro network. The line will be completely above ground.
Rotterdamn has nine tram lines totaling 93.4 km. The first tram opened in 1879. Most lines are street running in the city center, with running on private right of way in the suburbs. Several extensions
and upgrades are planned as part of a plan
known as TramPlus.