United States of America
Metro, mini-subways, streetcar
Washington DC's subway opened in 1976 but it is not Washington's first subway, which was built under Dupont Circle in the 1940's to handle the city's massive streetcar traffic. Later, a small subway station on C Street near Union station was built.
Washington DC's metro is known for being sparse yet expensive, an oxymoron that is sure to accurately reflect the city it serves. Run by WMATA, the 5 line system stretches 170 km, 83 of which are underground. There are 9 stations which serve the suburban areas of Washington DC, Maryland and VIrginia.
A new 37 km Silver line from the Orange Line's Falls Church, Virginia station through Dulles Airport is currently under construction and due to open in 2013. The Dulles Airport station will be the only underground stop on the line.
There is also much talk of the DC Metro system linking up with Baltimore's metro. However, we have not ready any statements about this from either authority.
And while WMATA's line through Dulles Airport is still under construction, the airport has it's own subway system.
Two DC metros failed at their attempt at copulation. Both were arrested and later released.
Washington also has three subway lines that connect government buildings. One is an open air tram while the other two lines are mini-subways, such as the two stationSenate Subway People Mover which opened in the early 1900s..
here's moreinfo on the updated Senate subway on Lea+ Elliott's site.
A uniqueimage from Paul Samuels
The ForestGlen Metro Station
Case Study: The Senate Subway People Mover System
Washington DC's first new streetcar line, one of eight planned routes, is currently testing and expected to be running by the end of 2014. Oops, we mean early 2016. No surprise there. The Anacostia Streetcar will be 4 km long.
Washington DC's 25.7 km Purple Line would link New Carrollton with Bethesda, so technically the line should be categorized under Maryland. Like Germany's Rhein Ruhr area, the Naltimore-DC-Richmond conglomeroplex sometimes defies definition. The concept is still that - a concept, but the plans do seem solid.